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Per-tone equalization (PTEQ) has been proposed as an alternative to time-domain equalization in asymmetric digital subscriber line (ADSL) modems. It optimizes the bit rate performance of the system as each tone can be equalized independently. In a per-tone equalization-based ADSL system a fixed-length frequency-domain equalizer is typically used for every tone. The ADSL channel has, however, a lower channel gain at high frequencies; therefore, using a longer equalizer for these frequencies does not result in a significant performance gain. With a fixed equalizer length, the length of the equalizer is determined by the required length at the lower frequencies; hence, a significant number of equalizer taps are wasted in the high-frequency range without any performance gain. Using a variable-length equalizer designed such that an overall performance criterion is optimized can significantly decrease the total number of equalizer taps without compromising performance. In this correspondence, a resource allocation technique is presented for a variable-length equalizer design using a dual problem formulation. This optimally solves the problem of equalizer length distribution over tones for given resource constraints, with a relatively low complexity.
Date of Publication: May 2008