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Energy Efficient and Hop Constraint Intra-Cluster Transmission for Heterogeneous Sensor Networks

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2 Author(s)
Azad, A.K.M. ; Monash Univ., Clayton ; Kamruzzaman, J.

Although transmission policy is crucial in extending lifetime of sensor networks, most existing policies make simplified assumptions which include: i) circular cluster with cluster head (CH) at the center, ii) uniform periodic data generation model and iii) unrestricted transmission range for nodes. But, in practice, these assumptions are too restrictive for real-world deployment of heterogeneous sensor networks where clusters are usually polygonal. Moreover, in multi hop transmission energy consumption by sensors varies greatly with their distance from CH and even among sensors in the critical ring due to non-uniform relay traffic caused by asymmetric polygonal structure of cluster. In this paper, we propose a new transmission policy where sensors transmit at optimally determined hop sizes that varies over lifetime and a distributed hop selection algorithm that regulates each packet's arrival to CH within a given hop limit. Our formulation considers generic polygonal cluster, stochastic data generation model where data generation rate by sensors vary with events and limited transmission range for sensors. Performance analysis shows significant improvement in lifetime and better uniformity in energy usage among sensors in the proposed policy irrespective of cluster size, hop limit and maximum allowable transmission range of nodes.

Published in:

Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, 2008. WCNC 2008. IEEE

Date of Conference:

March 31 2008-April 3 2008