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We present a MAC protocol for opportunistic spectrum access (OSA-MAC) in cognitive wireless networks. The proposed MAC protocol works in a multi-channel environment which is capable of performing channel sensing to discover spectrum opportunities. For this MAC protocol, two channel selection methods are considered which trade the implementation complexity with throughput improvement. We then analyze the saturation throughput performance of the proposed MAC protocol under scenarios where the probabilities for each channel to be available to different secondary flows are the same or different. We then derive analytically the probability of collision of secondary users with primary users due to sensing errors. This analysis can be used, for example, to determine the requirement of sensing accuracy for secondary users, and to design an admission control method. We present numerical results to demonstrate the throughput performance of the OSA-MAC protocol and applications of the proposed analytical model.
Date of Conference: March 31 2008-April 3 2008