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Caliste 64, an Innovative CdTe Hard X-Ray Micro-Camera

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10 Author(s)
A. Meuris ; CEA Saclay/DSM/DAPNIA Service d'Astrophys., Gif-sur-Yvette ; O. Limousin ; F. Lugiez ; O. Gevin
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A prototype 64 pixel miniature camera has been designed and tested for the Simbol-X hard X-ray observatory to be flown on the joint CNES-ASI space mission in 2014. This device is called Caliste 64. It is a high performance spectro-imager with event time-tagging capability, able to detect photons between 2 keV and 250 keV. Caliste 64 is the assembly of a 1 or 2 mm thick CdTe detector mounted on top of a readout module. CdTe detectors equipped with aluminum Schottky barrier contacts are used because of their very low dark current and excellent spectroscopic performance. Front-end electronics is a stack of four IDeF-X Vl.l ASICs, arranged perpendicular to the detection plane, to read out each pixel independently. The whole camera fits in a 10 times 10 times 20 mm3 volume and is juxtaposable on its four sides. This allows the device to be used as an elementary unit in a larger array of Caliste 64 cameras. Noise performance resulted in an ENC better than 60 electrons rms in average. The first prototype camera is tested at -10degC with a bias of -400 V. The spectrum summed across the 64 pixels results in a resolution of 697 eV FWHM at 13.9 keV and 808 eV FWHM at 59.54 keV.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 2 )