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IC testing based on a full-scan design methodology and ATPG is the most widely used test strategy today. However, rapidly growing test costs are severely challenging the applicability of scan-based testing. Both test data size and number of test cycles increase drastically as circuit size grows and feature size shrinks. For a full-scan circuit, test data volume and test cycle count are both proportional to the number of test patterns N and the longest scan chain length L. To reduce test data volume and test cycle count, we can reduce N, L, or both. Earlier proposals focused on reducing the number of test patterns N through pattern compaction. All these proposals assume a 1-to-1 scan configuration, in which the number of internal scan chains equals the number of external scan I/O ports or test channels (two ports per channel) from ATE. Some have shown that ATPG for a circuit with multiple clocks using the multicapture clocking scheme, as opposed to one-hot clocking, generates a reduced number of test patterns.