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Process-oriented information systems (IS) aim at the computerized support of business processes. So far, contemporary IS have often fail to meet this goal. To better understand this drawback, to systematically identify its rationales, and to derive critical success factors for business process support, we conducted three empirical studies: an exploratory case study in the automotive domain, an online survey among 79 information technology professionals, and another online survey among 70 business process management experts. This paper summarizes the findings of these studies, puts them in relation with each other, and uses them to show that ";process orientation"; is scarce and ";process awareness"; is needed in IS engineering.