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A Multistage Motion Vector Processing Method for Motion-Compensated Frame Interpolation

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2 Author(s)
Ai-Mei Huang ; Univ. of California at San Diego, La Jolla ; Truong Q. Nguyen

In this paper, a novel, low-complexity motion vector processing algorithm at the decoder is proposed for motion-compensated frame interpolation or frame rate up-conversion. We address the problems of having broken edges and deformed structures in an interpolated frame by hierarchically refining motion vectors on different block sizes. Our method explicitly considers the reliability of each received motion vector and has the capability of preserving the structure information. This is achieved by analyzing the distribution of residual energies and effectively merging blocks that have unreliable motion vectors. The motion vector reliability information is also used as a prior knowledge in motion vector refinement using a constrained vector median filter to avoid choosing identical unreliable one. We also propose using chrominance information in our method. Experimental results show that the proposed scheme has better visual quality and is also robust, even in video sequences with complex scenes and fast motion.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Image Processing  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 5 )