Skip to Main Content
Broadband fixed wireless access (BFWA) systems enable services such as high-speed data communication, high quality voice/video conferencing and high-speed internet access in areas where a wired link is not possible. However, the BFWA channel is a slow-fading channel having deep frequency-selective fading caused by clusters of scatterers in the environment that introduce inter-symbol interference (ISI) at the receiver. Low density parity check (LDPC) codes, optimised for the single-input single-output BFWA channel, are designed using the structured balance incomplete block design method. The use of both quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK) and 16-quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM) are investigated theoretically. To help overcome the ISI effects of the channel, equalisation techniques are employed separately with LDPC decoding for a system employing QPSK and 16-QAM modulation schemes. The equaliser single carrier approach is then replaced with orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) and the performance of these two approaches is evaluated in terms of bit-error rate. The simulation results show that equalisation with LDPC coding has a measurable performance gain over LDPC coding with OFDM.
Date of Publication: February 2008