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Fusion of Matching Algorithms for Human Identification Using Dental X-Ray Radiographs

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2 Author(s)
Nomir, O. ; Comput. Sci. Dept., Univ. of Mansoura, Mansoura ; Abdel-Mottaleb, M.

The goal of forensic dentistry is to identify individuals based on their dental characteristics. In this paper, we introduce a system that uses some scenarios to fuse three matching techniques for identifying individuals based on their dental X-ray images. The system integrates a method for teeth segmentation, and three different methods for representing and matching teeth. The first method for matching antemortem (AM) and postmortem (PM) images represents each tooth contour by a set of signature vectors obtained at salient points on the contour of the tooth. The second method uses hierarchical chamfer distance for matching AM and PM teeth to reduce the search space and accordingly reduce the retrieval time. The third matching method represents each tooth by a small set of features extracted using the forcefield energy function and Fourier descriptors. For each matcher, given a query PM image, AM radiographs that are mostly similar to the PM image, are found and presented to the user. To improve the performance of the system, we present different scenarios to fuse the three matchers. We fuse the matchers using three different approaches at the matching level, the decision level, and using the Bayesian framework. Preliminarily results demonstrate that fusing the matching techniques improves the overall performance of the dental identification system.

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Information Forensics and Security, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 2 )