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In this paper, performance of the Alamouti space- time code (STC)  and performance of the concatenation between the convolutional code and the Alamouti STC are derived. In order to describe realistic performance issues, we assume that the channel estimates are calculated from linear filters using noisy pilot symbols. We also assume non-quasi- static channels, spatially correlated transmit antennas and finite- depth interleaving. Two types of receivers are investigated for the Alamouti STC, namely, the linear-combining space-time decoder (LC-STD) and the maximum-likelihood space-time decoder (ML- STD). Two types of receivers are investigated for the concatenated system, namely, the LC-STD with the ML convolutional decoder and the joint Alamouti and convolutional ML decoder. The results have shown that the LC-STD is more sensitive to the Doppler spread than the ML-STD. However, since the ML- STD is very sensitive to the channel estimation error, the gains provided by the decoder in fast fading channels will be offset unless an optimized channel estimator is employed. Performance comparisons between the Alamouti systems and the SISO systems indicate that, when the system environment is not ideal, the SISO systems may outperform the Alamouti systems. Lastly, analytical results are compared with simulation results to illustrate the accuracy of the analysis.
Date of Publication: March 2008