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A microwave coherent homodyne and polarimetric ground surveillance Doppler radar is employed for collecting the radar returns from moving objects. Nonstationary nonlinearly frequency-modulated and multicomponent backscattered signals are analyzed and described as a sum of Doppler frequency-shifted polynomial chirp-like components. Instantaneous frequencies corresponding to the radiation backscattered by the different parts of a moving spatially distributed object are extracted from the time-varying bimagnitude estimates of transient sample sequences separated from the total received signal by a sliding window and projected into the time-frequency (TF) domain. Experimental investigations demonstrate a clean recovery of evolutionary phase-coupled harmonics for such targets as a swinging metallic sphere or a walking human. The computed TF distributions can be used in radar automatic target recognition systems to retrieve new data for the classification and recognition of ground moving objects.