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Previous Research in network intrusion detection system (NIDS) has typically used misuse detection or supervised anomaly detection techniques. These techniques have difficulty in detecting new types of attacks or causing high false positives in real network environment. Unsupervised anomaly detection can overcome the drawbacks of misuse detection and supervised anomaly detection. In this paper, normal-anomaly patterns are built over the network traffic dataset that uses subtractive clustering, and at the same time the built Hidden Markov Model (HMM) correlates the observation sequences and state transitions to predict the most probable intrusion state sequences. The proposed unsupervised anomaly detection approach is capable of reducing false positives by classifying intrusion sequences into different emergency levels. The experimental results are also reported using the KDDCup'99 dataset and Matlab.
Date of Conference: 22-24 Aug. 2007