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A Wireless IC for Wide-Range Neurochemical Monitoring Using Amperometry and Fast-Scan Cyclic Voltammetry

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7 Author(s)
Roham, M. ; Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland ; Daberkow, D.P. ; Ramsson, E.S. ; Covey, D.P.
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An integrated circuit for real-time wireless monitoring of neurochemical activity in the nervous system is described. The chip is capable of conducting measurements in both fast-scan cyclic voltammetry (FSCV) and amperometry modes for a wide input current range. The chip architecture employs a second-order DeltaSigma modulator (DeltaSigmaM) and a frequency-shift-keyed transmitter operating near 433 MHz. It is fabricated using the AMI 0.5-mum double-poly triple-metal n-well CMOS process, and requires only one off-chip component for operation. A measured current resolution of 12 pA at a sampling rate of 100 Hz and 132 pA at a sampling rate of 10 kHz is achieved in amperometry and 300-V/s FSCV modes, respectively, for any input current in the range of plusmn430 nA. The modulator core and the transmitter draw 22 and 400 muA from a 2.6-V power supply, respectively. The chip has been externally interfaced with a carbon-fiber microelectrode implanted acutely in the caudate-putamen of an anesthetized rat, and, for the first time, extracellular levels of dopamine elicited by electrical stimulation of the medial forebrain bundle have been successfully recorded wirelessly using 300-V/s FSCV.

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Biomedical Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:2 ,  Issue: 1 )