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In our previous regression model for estimating forest biomass, it was shown that non-Gaussian amplitude fluctuations in high-resolution polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data of coniferous forests can accurately be described by the -distribution and that the order parameter of the -distribution can be useful in estimating the tree biomass of coniferous forests from L-band cross-polarization amplitude images in a wider range than the conventional method using the radar cross section alone. The result was based on the analysis of the ldquoground-truthrdquo biomass data of 19 forest stands and airborne polarimetric interferometric SAR L-band data over the Tomakomai forests in Hokkaido, Japan. From this relation, an empirical regression model was developed to estimate forest biomass from SAR data. In this paper, we report the results on further analyses of this regression model. The validity of the -distribution is first reconfirmed using the Akaike information criterion, followed by the description on the accuracy of the model. To examine model accuracy, we carried out further field measurements on 22 forest stands in 2005, and the ground survey was made in 2006 to find out the causes of several anomalous data. Based on a comparison of the model-based biomass and the ground-truth data, the accuracy of the model was found to be approximately 86%. The regression model was then updated for practical application in estimating the biomass of the Hokkaido forests by including the ground-truth data of all 41 forest stands.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:46 , Issue: 4 )
Date of Publication: April 2008