By Topic

A Comprehensive Delay Model for CMOS CML Circuits

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

2 Author(s)
Utku Seckin ; Spectra-Linear, Santa Clara, CA ; Chih-Kong Ken Yang

MOS-transistor-based current-mode logic (CML)-type (MCML) circuits in high-speed circuit applications often operate as low-swing analog circuits rather than fully switched digital circuits. At these high-speed operations, the effect of the finite input signal slope on the delay of MCML gates significantly increases mainly due to incomplete current steering. Hence, for such cases, the conventional RC delay model which is based on ideal step input assumption fails to track the delay of MCML circuits with errors as high as 40% when a design is optimized for high-speed. In this paper, a comprehensive delay model is proposed that accurately predicts the delay of MCML circuits for all types of operation from low-speed and fully switched to high-speed and low-swing applications by including the input slope effect (ISE) into the conventional RC delay model. Furthermore, the proposed model is extended to multilevel complex logic gates without losing the general RC delay model format. Theoretical results are compared with Spice simulations in a 0.13-mum CMOS technology. Results show that the error in delay of the proposed model is less than 20% for all practical designs. The proposed model is still sufficiently tractable to be use in back-of-envelope calculations that achieve close-to-optimum solutions without running extensive parametric simulations. In addition to the achieved accuracy and preserved simplicity, the proposed model enhances the intuitive understanding of MCML gates that simple RC delay model fails to provide.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 9 )