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Progress in the 10-MW 140-GHz ECH System for the Stellarator W7-X

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16 Author(s)
Manfred Thumm ; Inst. fur Hochleistungsimpuls- und Mikrowellentech., Karlsruhe ; Peter Brand ; Harald Braune ; GÜnter Dammertz
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During the last years, electron cyclotron heating (ECH) was proven to be one of the most attractive heating schemes for stellarators because it provides net-current-free plasma startup and heating. Both the stellarator Wendelstein 7-X (W7-X), which is under construction at the Max-Planck-Institut fu umlr Plasmaphysik, Greifswald, Germany, and the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) tokamak, which will be built in Cadarache, France, will be equipped with a strong ECH and current-drive system. Both systems are comparable in frequency and have continuous-wave capability (140 GHz, 10 MW for W7-X and 170 GHz, 24 MW for ITER). The commissioning of the ECH plant for W7-X is well underway; the status of the project and the first integrated full-power test results from two modules are reported and may provide valuable input for the ITER plant. The ten gyrotrons at W7-X will be arranged in two subgroups symmetrically to a central beam duct in the ECH hall. The RF wave of each subgroup will be combined and transmitted by a purely optical multibeam-waveguide (MBWG) transmission line from the gyrotrons to the torus. The combination of five 1 MW gyrotron beams to one beam line with a power of 5 MW reduces the complexity of the system considerably. The single- and MBWG mirrors and the polarizers have been manufactured. Cold tests of a full-size uncooled prototype line delivered an efficiency exceeding 90%. The microwave power will be launched to the plasma through ten chemical-vapor-deposited-diamond barrier windows and in-vessel quasi-optical plug-in launchers, allowing each 1-MW RF beam to be steered independently. The polarization, as well as the poloidal and toroidal launch angles, will be adjusted individually to provide optimum conditions for different heating and current-drive scenarios.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science  (Volume:36 ,  Issue: 2 )