Skip to Main Content
The maximum-likelihood (ML) time-frequency synchronisation algorithm combined with channel estimation for multiple input multiple output-orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (MIMO-OFDM) systems in frequency selective fading channels is addressed. In the proposed algorithm, the authors use two steps to maximise an ML metric to obtain first the frequency offset and then timing. A fast Fourier transform algorithm is used to estimate the frequency offset. Using these two estimates, the channel is identified. A simple iterative algorithm is proposed to improve the frequency offset estimation. The performance of the proposed synchronisation approach, in terms of timing failure probability and mean square error of the estimated frequency offset and bit error rate, is compared with others in the literature. Comparison of simulation results with the Cramer-Rao lower bound clearly illustrates the accuracy of the proposed algorithm, which outperforms the state-of-the-art synchroniser devices in the open literature.