Skip to Main Content
Analysis methods are developed that fully determine a switched-capacitor (SC) dc-dc converter's steady-state performance through evaluation of its output impedance. This analysis method has been verified through simulation and experimentation. The simple formulation developed permits optimization of the capacitor sizes to meet a constraint such as a total capacitance or total energy storage limit, and also permits optimization of the switch sizes subject to constraints on total switch conductances or total switch volt-ampere (V-A) products. These optimizations then permit comparison among several switched-capacitor topologies, and comparisons of SC converters with conventional magnetic-based dc-dc converter circuits, in the context of various application settings. Significantly, the performance (based on conduction loss) of a ladder-type converter is found to be superior to that of a conventional magnetic-based converter for medium to high conversion ratios.