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This paper presents a driving scheme to achieve highly stable low-power amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) active-matrix organic light-emitting diode (AMOLED) displays. Although the conventional 2-thin-film transistor (TFT) a-Si:H AMOLED display has demonstrated interesting features, including simplicity, it is prone to growing nonuniformity due to the temporal instability of the a-Si:H material. Several compensating techniques have been proposed to control the nonuniformity, but they tend to compromise the key attributes of the simple 2-TFT display such as low power consumption, high yield, high aperture ratio, low implementation cost, and fast programming. For mobile applications which have tight constrains on power consumption, cost, and escalating resolution requirements, we propose a new driving and addressing scheme that not only improves the backplane stability, but also compensates for the OLED luminance degradation while maintaining the attractive features of the simple 2-TFT pixel circuit. The overhead in power consumption and implementation cost is reduced by over 90% compared to existing compensation driving schemes.
Date of Publication: June 2008