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Predicting Probability of Mortality in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

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2 Author(s)
Zhou, D. ; Ottawa Univ., Ont. ; Frize, M.

Artificial neural networks can be trained to predict outcomes in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). This paper expands on past research and shows that neural networks trained by the maximum likelihood estimation criterion will approximate the `a posteriori probability' of NICU mortality. A gradient ascent method for the weight update of three-layer feed-forward neural networks was derived. The neural networks were trained on NICU data and the results were evaluated by performance measurement techniques, such as the Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve and the Hosmer-Lemeshow test. The resulting models applied as mortality prognostic screening tools are presented

Published in:

Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2006. EMBS '06. 28th Annual International Conference of the IEEE

Date of Conference:

Aug. 30 2006-Sept. 3 2006

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