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Measurement and Analysis of Propagation Mechanisms at 40 GHz: Viability of Site Shielding Forced by Obstacles

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3 Author(s)
Alejos, A.V. ; Dept. de Teor. do Sinai e Comunicacions, Univ. de Vigo, Vigo ; Sanchez, M.G. ; Cuinas, I.

Mitigation of interference among adjacent radio systems is a topic of growing interest as the spectrum occupation increases. Site-shielding techniques appear as a method of improving millimeter-wave wireless communication system design, allowing frequency reuse and reducing cochannel interference. The viability of applying such techniques to systems operating in frequency bands around 40 GHz is the aim of this paper. Several propagation mechanisms are experimentally studied, including transmission across building obstacles, depolarization, reflection, and diffraction. The performance of some theoretical models of the different scattering mechanisms has been compared with measurement results. The measuring and processing procedures have also been improved. Values of the dielectric parameters of the materials in this frequency band have been obtained and are given in this paper. The attenuation results indicate that various materials, such as mortar, brick, and concrete walls, that present large values of attenuation in decibels per centimeter, can be used to shield base stations, reducing the frequency reuse distance in radio cellular networks. It can also be concluded that there is a significant diffracted field in the shadow region of brick corners.

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Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:57 ,  Issue: 6 )