Skip to Main Content
Polarization orientation angle shifts can be seen not only in rugged terrain areas but also in urban areas. The latter is explained by backscatter from a wall of a building or house, which is equivalent to a tilted ground-surface patch. From the scattering model of built-up areas, the polarization orientation angle shift in the built-up areas is given as , where is the wall or street orientation angle, and is the radar incidence angle. Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Pi-SAR L-band polarimetric data of Gifu, Japan, show a good agreement with the theory. The phase difference between VH and HH polarizations is used to demonstrate the contribution of double-bounce scattering ground-wall and wall-ground over a wide range of wall orientation angles.
Date of Publication: April 2008