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A new approach is presented to extract more robust affine invariant features for image matching. The novelty of our approach is a hierarchical filtering strategy for affine invariant feature detection, which is based on information entropy and spatial dispersion quality constraints. The concept of spatial dispersion quality is introduced to quantify the spatial distribution of features. Moreover, an integrated algorithm combined by the filtering strategy, maximally stable extremal region (MSER) and scale invariant feature transform, is introduced for affine invariant feature extraction. Since Mikolajczyk et al. identified that MSER is the best detector in many cases, we design an experiment to compare our approach (ED-MSER) with the standard MSER. By using two stereo pairs and an image sequence with different types of imagery, the experiment indicates that ED-MSER can always get much higher repeatability and matching score compared to the standard MSER and other algorithms, thus benefiting the subsequent image matching and many other applications.