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Ultrasonic scattering by a fluid cylinder of elliptic cross section, including viscous effects

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2 Author(s)
Hasheminejad, Seyyed M. ; Iran Univ. of Sci. & Technol., Tehran ; Sanaei, R.

This paper analyzes acoustic scattering by a viscous compressible fluid cylinder of elliptic cross section submerged in an unbounded viscous nonheat-conducting compressible fluid medium. The classical method of eigen- function expansion along with the appropriate wave field expansions and the pertinent boundary conditions are used to develop a solution in the form of infinite series involving Mathieu and modified Mathieu functions of complex arguments. The complications arising due to the nonorthogonality of angular Mathieu functions corresponding to distinct wave numbers in addition to the problems associated with the appearance of additional angular-dependent terms in the boundary conditions are all avoided in an elegant manner by expansion of the angular Mathieu functions in terms of transcendental functions and subsequent integration, leading to a linear set of independent equations in terms of the unknown scattering coefficients. A multi- precision code was developed for computing the Mathieu functions of complex argument in terms of complex Fourier coefficients that are themselves calculated by numerically solving appropriate sets of eigen-systems. The numerical results point to the imperative influence of fluid viscosity in notable reduction of pressure amplitudes at intermediate and high frequencies. They also reveal the central role of the cross sectional ellipticity in conjunction with the angle of incidence in altering the pressure directivities. Limiting cases are considered, and fair agreements with well-known solutions are obtained.

Published in:

Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 2 )