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Technology trends and shrinking power envelopes have forced microprocessor designers to focus on hardware techniques that efficiently improve single-thread performance without superlinear increases in power and silicon area. In this article, we identify hardware atomic execution - the execution of a region of code completely or not at all - as such a feature for simplifying existing and enabling new speculative compiler optimizations. Specifically, we propose that microprocessors expose atomic execution as a hardware primitive to the compiler. Doing so lets the compiler generate a speculative version of the code where infrequently executed code paths are removed.