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Tunable Optical Delay Using Four-Wave Mixing in a 35-cm Highly Nonlinear Bismuth-Oxide Fiber and Group Velocity Dispersion

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2 Author(s)
Mable P. Fok ; Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong, Hong Kong ; Chester Shu

In this paper, an optically controlled tunable delay scheme has been proposed using four-wave mixing (FWM) wavelength conversion in a 35-cm highly nonlinear bismuth-oxide fiber (Bi-NLF) together with group velocity dispersion (GVD) in a chirped fiber Bragg grating (CFBG). The Bi-NLF offers a very large nonlinearity and gives rise to significant FWM over a short fiber segment. With the use of a CFBG, a delay range over 185 ps has been experimentally demonstrated. To investigate the performance of the tunable delay, we have applied the scheme for variable delays of 10-Gb/s amplitude-shift keying (ASK) and differential phase-shift keying (DPSK) data signals. The bit error rate (BER) measurements show a power penalty of less than 3.5 dB for both amplitude- and phase-modulated data formats. To further increase the delay time, the CFBG has been replaced by a dispersion compensated fiber (DCF) that provides a wider bandwidth of operation. A variable delay up to 840 ps has been obtained using dual-pump FWM that offers a conversion bandwidth of about 40 nm. The large conversion range helps to minimize GVD-induced pulse distortion as a shorter DCF can be used for a given delay. The Bi-NLF provides an enhanced stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) threshold, a reduced latency, and an increased compactness of the approach for practical applications.

Published in:

Journal of Lightwave Technology  (Volume:26 ,  Issue: 5 )