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Decoder Initializing Technique for Improving Frame-Erasure Resilience of a CELP Speech Codec

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2 Author(s)
Ehara, H. ; Matsushita Electr. Ind. Co. Ltd. (Panasonic), Yokosuka ; Yoshida, K.

The authors present and evaluate a technique for synchronizing the internal states of a code-excited-linear-prediction (CELP) encoder and decoder after the occurrence of frame erasure. The designed technique, called ldquoduplicated transmission (DT),rdquo uses some redundant information for realizing synchronization. The encoder performs encoding processes twice and sends two codes for each frame. One code is encoded by an encoder that is initialized. The code is used in cases where the previous frame is erased. An onset detector is combined with the DT technique to select the frames to which the DT should be applied. Subjective test results suggest that, by introducing DT selectively, the number of DT frames is reducible by about 80% without degrading the subjective quality. Results demonstrate that synchronization of the internal states is effective in cases of erasure of onset. The DT technique requires no additional algorithmic delay. For that reason, it would a better choice for particular applications for which the delay has a significant impact.

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Multimedia, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:10 ,  Issue: 3 )