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Multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) precoder design for frequency-selective fading channels using partial channel information based on the spatial and path correlation matrices is presented. By representing a frequency-selective fading channel as a multipath model with L effective paths, a general precoding structure is proposed and used to derive optimum precoding designs that maximize Jensen's upper bound on the channel ergodic capacity under the transmitted power constraint for two cases, i.e., uncorrelated and correlated channel paths. Analytical results show that, in the uncorrelated case, the precoder structure consists of a number of parallel precoders for frequency-flat fading channels. The power assignment to each precoder and the power allocation over the eigenmodes of each precoder are calculated based on the power of channel paths and the eigenvalues of the transmit correlation matrix. In the correlated case, the precoder structure is an eigenbeamformer with the beams referred to a function of eigenvectors of the Kronecker product of path and transmit correlation matrices. Furthermore, the power allocated to each eigenmode can be obtained from a statistical water-pouring policy that is specified by the product of eigenvalues of the transmit antenna and path correlation matrices. Simulation results for different scenarios indicate that the proposed precoder can increase the ergodic capacity of MIMO systems in a frequency-selective fading environment with spatial and path correlations, and its offered capacity gain is increased with the level of correlation and numbers of antennas and channel paths.