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Continuous Monitoring of Electrode--Skin Impedance Mismatch During Bioelectric Recordings

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2 Author(s)
Degen, T. ; Swiss Fed. Inst. of Technol., Lausanne ; Jackel, H.

In bioelectric recordings, an electrode--skin imped-ance mismatch leads to a reduced common-mode rejection ratio (CMRR) of the amplifier. For this reason, the impedance of each individual electrode--skin contact is usually measured prior to a recording. The measurement circuit itself degrades the CMRR and is switched off during the bioelectric recording. In this paper, we present a new method that allows to monitor the electrode--skin impedance in a continuous way without reducing the CMRR of the amplifier. The new method is based on an additional common-mode signal that is superimposed on the bioelectric signal.

Published in:

Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 6 )