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Characterization of Scattering Parameters Near a Flat Phantom for Wireless Body Area Networks

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5 Author(s)

In this paper, the scattering parameters of two dipoles placed closely to a flat, homogeneous, biological tissue are characterized in the 2.4-GHz band. The impact of the presence of a flat phantom and of the height of a dipole above the phantom on the reflection coefficient is analyzed through measurements and simulations. The effect of the type of tissue on the reflection coefficient is also investigated by performing simulations for a range of relative permittivity and conductivity combinations spanning the whole range of human tissues at 2.4 GHz. A semiempirical path loss model, validated by measurements and simulations, is presented for wireless communication, for antenna heights from 2 mm up to 5 cm and antenna separations from 10 to 50 cm. Also, the influence of the relative permittivity and conductivity on the path loss is modeled, leading to a range of possible values and lower and upper boundaries for the path loss as a function of the antenna height. The combination of the range with the boundaries results in a best-case and worst-case path loss model for wireless body area networks. The models are validated with measurements on the torso of a human.

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IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility  (Volume:50 ,  Issue: 1 )