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For a practical direct torque-controlled (DTC) permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) drive system, the information of the initial rotor position, which is usually obtained by a mechanical position sensor, is essential for starting under the full load. To avoid the disadvantages of using mechanical position sensors, great efforts have been made on the development of sensorless control schemes. An initial rotor position estimation strategy is presented for a DTC PMSM drive based on a nonlinear model of PMSM incorporating both structural and saturation saliencies. In the new scheme, specially designed high-voltage pulses are applied to amplify the saturation saliencies. The peak currents corresponding to the voltage pulses are used, in combination with the inductance patterns, to determine the d-axis position and the polarity of the rotor. The presented initial rotor position identification strategy has been implemented in a sensorless DTC drive for a surface-mounted PMSM. Experiments are conducted to confirm the effectiveness of the method and the performance of the drive system.
Date of Publication: Jan. 2008