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The integration of MIMO technology in WLANs has recently been the locus of extensive research. The main objectives of this technology are to improve channel reuse and or reduce energy consumption. In this article, we give an overview of MIMO systems and their use in WLANs. We highlight the different types of gains that MIMO offers and then discuss some of the work that has been done on MAC design. We conclude by outlining several open issues thai must be addressed for MIMO-based systems.