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Scalable QoS-Aware Memory Controller for High-Bandwidth Packet Memory

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2 Author(s)
Hyuk-Jun Lee ; Cisco Syst., San Jose ; Eui-Young Chung

This paper proposes a high-performance scalable quality-of-service (QoS)-aware memory controller for the packet memory where packet data are stored in network routers. A major challenge in the packet memory controller design is to make the design scalable. As the input and output bandwidth requirement and the number of output queues for routers increase, the memory system becomes a bottleneck that limits the performance and scalability. Existing schemes require an input and output buffer that store packet data temporarily before they are written into or read from the memory. With the buffer size proportional to the number of output queues, the buffer becomes a limiting factor for scalability. Our scheme consists of a hashing logic and a reorder buffer whose size is not proportional to the number of output queues and is scalable with the increasing number of output queues. Another major challenge in the packet memory controller design is supporting QoS. As an increasing number of Internet packets become latency sensitive, it is critical that the memory controller is capable of providing different QoS to packets belonging to different classes. To the best of our knowledge, no published work on the packet memory controller supports QoS. In this paper, we show our scheme reduces the SRAM buffer size of the existing schemes by an order of magnitude whereas guaranteeing a packet loss probability as low as 10-20. Our QoS-aware scheduler shows that it meets the latency requirements assigned to multiple service classes under dynamically changing input loads for multiple classes using a feedback control loop.

Published in:

Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:16 ,  Issue: 3 )