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Survey on Symplectic Finite-Difference Time-Domain Schemes for Maxwell's Equations

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4 Author(s)

To discretize Maxwell's equations, a variety of high-order symplectic finite-difference time-domain schemes, which use th-order symplectic integration time stepping and th-order staggered space differencing, are surveyed. First, the order conditions for the symplectic integrators are derived. Second, the comparisons of numerical stability, dispersion, and energy-conservation are provided between the high-order symplectic schemes and other high-order time approaches. Finally, these symplectic schemes are studied by using different space and time strategies. According to our survey, high-order time schemes for matching high-order space schemes are required for optimum electromagnetic simulation. Numerical experiments have been conducted on radiation of electric dipole and wideband S-parameter extraction of dielectric-filled waveguide. The results demonstrate that the high-order symplectic scheme can obtain satisfying numerical solutions under high Courant-Friedrichs-Levy number and coarse grid conditions.

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 2 )