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Gains For RF Tags Using Multiple Antennas

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2 Author(s)
Joshua D. Griffin ; Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta ; Gregory D. Durgin

Backscatter radio systems, including high frequency radio frequency identification (RFID), operate in the dyadic backscatter channel - a two-way pinhole channel that has deeper small-scale fades than that of a conventional one-way channel. This paper shows that pinhole diversity is available in a rich scattering environment caused by modulating backscatter with multiple RF tag antennas - no diversity combining at the reader, channel knowledge, or signaling scheme change is required. Pinhole diversity, along with increased RF tag scattering aperture, can cause up to a 10 dB reduction in the power required to maintain a constant bit-error-rate for an RF tag with two antennas. Through examples, it is shown that this gain results in increased backscatter radio system communication reliability and up to a 78% increase in RF tag operating range.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 2 )