Skip to Main Content
Systematic design of low-dropout-regulator (LDO) regulated low-phase-noise LC-tank voltage controlled oscillators (VCOs) is presented. Low-frequency sensitivity profile of power supply induced phase noise of a typical cross-coupled LC-tank VCO is investigated. The relationship between frequency pushing and power supply-induced phase noise is derived. Systematic codesign of VCO sensitivity to low-frequency supply noise with respect to an LDO output noise and power supply rejection profile is introduced. To demonstrate the design approach experimentally, two 2.4-GHz LC-tank VCOs with pMOS and nMOS switching devices powered by PFET LDOs are designed and fabricated on an 0.18-mum, 7-layer metal CMOS process. By using an integrated LDO, it is shown that the VCO phase-noise sensitivity to low frequency improves by 55 dB at 100-kHz offset.