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Design and evaluation of a high data rate optical wireless system for the diffuse indoor channel using barker spreading codes and RAKE reception [optical wireless communications]

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1 Author(s)
O'Farrell, T. ; Sch. of Electron. & Electr. Eng., Univ. of Leeds, Leeds

The performance of a high data rate optical wireless system (OWS) over the diffuse indoor infrared channel based on direct sequence spread spectrum (DSSS) techniques is highly sensitive to the properties of the aperiodic autocorrelation function and the spreading factor of the spreading sequence used. Ideally, the aperiodic autocorrelation function should have zero sidelobes in order to eliminate intersymbol interference caused by multipath propagation. In practice, such an ideal sequence does not exist in the binary field when data modulation is applied. For high data rates, a small spreading factor is desired in order to avoid an excessive system bandwidth. The family of Barker sequences is investigated in a DSSS-OWS. The Barker sequences are binary spreading sequences which exhibit small aperiodic autocorrelation values and short spreading factors. The system bit error rate (BER) performance is characterized on the diffuse indoor infrared channel when using RAKE reception. Results of BER against Eh/NQ are presented with data rate and spreading factor as parameters. The results demonstrate that of the seven Barker sequences existing, the length three Barker sequence {0 0 1} provides the best system design trade-off in respect of good BER performance and low implementation complexity.

Published in:

Communications, IET  (Volume:2 ,  Issue: 1 )