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Prolongation of network lifetime is one of the most important issues of sensor networks. EEHF (Environmental Energy Harvesting Framework) is a framework that includes a data gathering scheme and estimates the energy gained from the environment by using the periodicity of environmental power. Thus, sensor nodes can use environmental energy efficiently and the network lifetime is extended. However, since the accuracy of the estimation depends on the length of the period, and the data gathering scheme used in EEHF does not take environmental energy into consideration, this method has room for improvement. In this paper, we propose a more accurate and adaptive energy estimation method that does not depend on the length of the period, and a data gathering scheme that is optimized for the environmental energy-based sensor network, in order to prolong the lifetime of environmental energy-based sensor networks.