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Ranked Reverse Nearest Neighbor Search

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3 Author(s)
Ken C. K. Lee ; Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA ; Baihua Zheng ; Wang-Chien Lee

Given a set of data points P and a query point q in a multidimensional space, reverse nearest neighbor (RNN) query finds data points in P whose nearest neighbors are q. Reverse k-nearest neighbor (RkNN) query (where k ges 1) generalizes RNN query to find data points whose kNNs include q. For RkNN query semantics, q is said to have influence to all those answer data points. The degree of q's influence on a data point p (isin P) is denoted by kappap where q is the kappap-th NN of p. We introduce a new variant of RNN query, namely, ranked reverse nearest neighbor (RRNN) query, that retrieves t data points most influenced by q, i.e., the t data points having the smallest kappa's with respect to q. To answer this RRNN query efficiently, we propose two novel algorithms, kappa-counting and kappa-browsing that are applicable to both monochromatic and bichromatic scenarios and are able to deliver results progressively. Through an extensive performance evaluation, we validate that the two proposed RRNN algorithms are superior to solutions derived from algorithms designed for RkNN query.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 7 )