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Geometric Observers for Dynamically Evolving Curves

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3 Author(s)
Niethammer, M. ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC ; Vela, P.A. ; Tannenbaum, A.

This paper proposes a deterministic observer design for visual tracking based on nonparametric implicit (level-set) curve descriptions. The observer is continuous discrete with continuous-time system dynamics and discrete-time measurements. Its state- space consists of an estimated curve position augmented by additional states (e.g., velocities) associated with every point on the estimated curve. Multiple simulation models are proposed for state prediction. Measurements are performed through standard static segmentation algorithms and optical-flow computations. Special emphasis is given to the geometric formulation of the overall dynamical system. The discrete-time measurements lead to the problem of geometric curve interpolation and the discrete-time filtering of quantities propagated along with the estimated curve. Interpolation and filtering are intimately linked to the correspondence problem between curves. Correspondences are established by a Laplace-equation approach. The proposed scheme is implemented completely implicitly (by Eulerian numerical solutions of transport equations) and thus naturally allows for topological changes and subpixel accuracy on the computational grid.

Published in:

Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:30 ,  Issue: 6 )

Date of Publication:

June 2008

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