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Comparison of Vacuum Arc Behaviors Between Axial-Magnetic-Field Contacts

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5 Author(s)
Zhiyuan Liu ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Xi'an Jiaotong Univ., Xi'an ; Shaoyong Cheng ; Yuesheng Zheng ; Mingzhe Rong
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We compared vacuum arc behaviors of three slot-type axial-magnetic-field (AMF) contacts at two fixed contact gaps using high-speed digital photography and arc-voltage measurements. Solid angle is subtended by anode at the center of cathode or the ratio of the anode diameter to the gap length (D/g). With coupled influence of the AMF, we observed that with the D/g ratio 48 mm/14 mm, the arc kept in low current modes until higher current compared with the D/g ratio 48 mm/8 mm case. With the D/g ratio 58 mm/14 mm, the arc-mode transitions with the increase of current were similar as the D/g ratio 58 mm/8 mm case. However, with the D/g ratio 66 mm/14 mm, the arc became high current modes at lower current compared with the D/g ratio 66 mm/8 mm case. Correspondingly, with the D/g ratio 48 mm/14 mm, arc voltages at current peaks were close to the D/g ratio 48 mm/8 mm case, whereas arc voltages at current peaks with the D/g ratio 58 mm/14 mm were close to that of the 58 mm/8 mm case. However, with a contact diameter of 66 mm, the arc voltages with the D/g ratio 66 mm/14 mm were higher than the 66 mm/8 mm case. The arcs with the D/g ratio 66 mm/8 mm were more diffuse than the 48 mm/8 mm case. Moreover, the arcs with the D/g ratio 66 mm/14 mm were also more diffuse than the 48 mm/14 mm case when the current peak was 17.8 kA and above. The relationship between interrupting capacity of vacuum interrupters with the slot-type AMF contacts could be expressed as I=ktimes(D/g)+b, where k and b are constants.

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IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science  (Volume:36 ,  Issue: 1 )