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Remote data sensing using SAR and harmonic reradiators

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3 Author(s)
Srinivas V. Vanjari ; Qualcomm Inc., Bridgewater ; James V. Krogmeier ; Mark R. Bell

In sensor networks distributed over large areas, communication by means of active transmitters on sensor nodes is inherently energy expensive and poses a significant bottleneck to achieve a long battery life. We propose modulated reradiation of radar illumination as a means to transmit information from a group of sensors to an airborne radar. This puts the communications energy burden on the radar transmitter rather than on the sensor nodes, thus increasing their battery lifetimes. To distinguish the sensor return from the clutter return, the modulation on the sensors is done by switching a nonlinear load on the sensor antenna and processing the harmonic reradiation. We present techniques to transmit information from the sensors, which use stripmap mode synthetic aperture radar (SAR) ideas to decode the information and to simultaneously obtain a geographic map of the sensor locations.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 4 )