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In recent years, a number of space-charge studies have been performed in the FNAL Booster. The Booster is the lowest energy circular accelerator in the Fermilab chain of machines, with an injection energy of 400 MeV. Measurement and simulation of space charge coupling in the Booster will be presented. The coupling measurement was performed using a standard technique, albeit repeated for different injected beam intensities. The initial transverse tune separation was minimized (Qx=Qy=6.7), followed by a systematic skew quadrupole strength variation. Transverse beam oscillation frequencies were recorded while exciting the beam. These frequencies were recorded for a range of 1.0times1012 to 3.5times1012 particles. A linear increase in the measured tune separation with beam intensity was observed. For comparison, beam coupling was also simulated with the space-charge code Synergia. This code has successfully modeled the space-charge tune shift in the Booster, and compares favorably to other space charge codes and analytic results.
Particle Accelerator Conference, 2007. PAC. IEEE
Date of Conference: 25-29 June 2007