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Ultrawideband impulse radio systems offer two kinds of processing gains that can be adapted based on the interference level in the system so that quality of service requirements are fulfilled. An adaptive assignment scheme for two types of multiple-access parameters in cluster-based wireless sensor networks is investigated. A mathematical framework is developed for asynchronous communications using a Gaussian approximation method to model the multiple-access interference in two cases: one with fixed frame duration, where the goal is to increase the average throughput, and the other with fixed symbol duration, where the goal is to increase the network lifetime. Extension of the analysis to multipath channels is carried out, and the validity of the Gaussian approximation is investigated using the Kullback-Leibler distance.
Date of Publication: Dec. 2007