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Fourth-Order Cascaded \Sigma \Delta Modulator Using Tri-Level Quantization and Bandpass Noise Shaping for Broadband Telecommunication Applications

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2 Author(s)
Teng-Hung Chang ; Dept. of Electr. & Control Eng., Nat. Chiao Tung Univ., Hsinchu ; Lan-Rong Dung

This paper presents a 14-bit cascaded sigma-delta modulator for broadband telecommunication applications. The modulator is a 2-1-1 cascaded architecture that employs a resonator-based topology in the first stage, three tri-level quantizers, and two different pairs of reference voltages. As shown in the experimental result, for a 2.5-MHz signal bandwidth, the modulator achieves a dynamic range of 86 dB and a peak signal-to-noise and distortion ratio of 78.5 dB with an oversampling ratio of 16. The proposed modulator including reference voltage buffers and bandgap circuitry dissipates 62.5 mW from a 2.5-V supply. The active area is 1.2-mm2 in a 0.25-mum CMOS technology.

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Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 6 )