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Brightness Preserving Dynamic Histogram Equalization for Image Contrast Enhancement

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2 Author(s)
Ibrahim, H. ; Univcrsiti Sains Malaysia, Nibong Tebal ; Kong, N.S.P.

Histogram equalization (HE) is one of the common methods used for improving contrast in digital images. However, this technique is not very well suited to be implemented in consumer electronics, such as television, because the method tends to introduce unnecessary visual deterioration such as the saturation effect. One of the solutions to overcome this weakness is by preserving the mean brightness of the input image inside the output image. This paper proposes a new method, known as brightness preserving dynamic histogram equalization (BPDHE), which is an extension to HE that can produce the output image with the mean intensity almost equal to the mean intensity of the input, thus fulfill the requirement of maintaining the mean brightness of the image. First, the method smoothes the input histogram with one dimensional Gaussian filter, and then partitions the smoothed histogram based on its local maximums. Next, each partition will be assigned to a new dynamic range. After that, the histogram equalization process is applied independently to these partitions, based on this new dynamic range. For sure, the changes in dynamic range, and also histogram equalization process will alter the mean brightness of the image. Therefore, the last step in this method is to normalize the output image to the input mean brightness. Our results from 80 test images shows that this method outperforms other present mean brightness preserving histogram equalization methods. In most cases, BPDHE successfully enhance the image without severe side effects, and at the same time, maintain the mean input brightness1.

Published in:

Consumer Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:53 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

Nov. 2007

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