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On 29 and 31 May 2006, a comprehensive vicarious calibration experiment for the Moderate Resolute Imaging Spectroradiometer(MODIS) visible and near-infrared bands was performed at Gongger test site located in Inner Mongolia, which is a flat and uniform area. The reflectance-based method was used for calibration of MODIS visible and near-infrared bands. In situ measurements of surface and atmospheric conditions were carried out. By computing the surface reflectance of the site, it was concluded that the site was appropriate for calibration because of its stable and uniform characteristics. These data were then inputted to a radiative transfer code, 6S, to compute top-of- atmosphere (TOA) radiances and TOA reflectances, which were compared with the MODIS on-board calibration results. The in situ estimated results were in good agreement with the MODIS on-board calibration results on May 31 with the variations about 2%, while vicarious calibration results on May 29 were slightly inconsistent with those of on-board calibration, whose differences were about 7%.
Date of Conference: 23-28 July 2007