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Temporal air quality monitoring using surveillance camera

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5 Author(s)

Various studies showed that inhaled fine particles with diameter less than 10 micrometers (PM10) in the air can cause adverse health effects on human, such as heart disease, asthma, stroke, bronchitis and the like. This is due to their ability to penetrate further into the lung and alveoli. The aim of this study is to develop a state-of-art reliable technique to use surveillance camera for monitoring the temporal patterns of PM10 concentration in the air. Once the air quality reaches the alert thresholds, it will provide warning alarm to alert human to prevent from long exposure to these fine particles. This is important for human to avoid the above mentioned adverse health effects. In this study, an internet protocol (IP) network camera was used as an air quality monitoring sensor. It is a 0.3 mega pixel charge-couple-device (CCD) camera integrates with the associate electronics for digitization and compression of images. This network camera was installed on the rooftop of the school of physics. The camera observed a nearby hill, which was used as a reference target. At the same time, this network camera was connected to network via a cat 5 cable or wireless to the router and modem, which allowed image data transfer over the standard computer networks (Ethernet networks), internet, or even wireless technology. Then images were stored in a server, which could be accessed locally or remotely for computing the air quality information with a newly developed algorithm. The results were compared with the alert thresholds. If the air quality reaches the alert threshold, alarm will be triggered to inform us this situation. The newly developed algorithm was based on the relationship between the atmospheric reflectance and the corresponding measured air quality of PM10 concentration. In situ PM10 air quality values were measured with DustTrak meter and the sun radiation was measured simultaneously with a spectroradiometer. Regression method was use to calibrate this algorith- m. Still images captured by this camera were separated into three bands namely red, green and blue (RGB), and then digital numbers (DN) were determined. These DN were used to determine the atmospherics reflectance values of difference bands, and then used these values in the newly developed algorithm to determine PM10 concentration. The results of this study showed that the proposed algorithm produced a high correlation coefficient (R2) of 0.7567 and low root-mean-square error (RMS) of plusmn 5 mu g/m3 between the measured and estimated PM10 concentration. A program was written by using microsoft visual basic 6.0 to download the still images automatically from the camera via the internet and utilize the newly developed algorithm to determine PM10 concentration automatically and continuously. This concluded that surveillance camera can be used for temporal PM10 concentration monitoring. It is more than an air pollution monitoring device; it provides continuous, on-line, real-time monitoring for air pollution at multi location and air pollution warning or alert system. This system also offers low implementation, operation and maintenance cost of ownership because the surveillance cameras become cheaper and cheaper now.

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2007. IGARSS 2007. IEEE International

Date of Conference:

23-28 July 2007