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Energy Efficient Multi-rate Based Time Slot Pre-schedule Scheme in WSNs for Ubiquitous Environment

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7 Author(s)
Wei Wei ; Xian Jiaotong Univ., Xian ; Yong Qi ; Saiyu Qi ; Di Hou
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Nowadays, smart spaces occupy an essential part of ubiquitous computing environment. The spaces integrated with wireless sensors networks, actuators and context-aware services become part of our daily life. Smart spaces are equipped with a large number of wireless sensors that aim to collect large quantities of context information, during the process, there exists a large amount of collisions and energy consumption. Therefore, this paper provides a novel multi-rate based local framing pre-schedule scheme to further reduce collisions and improve energy efficiency in CSMA/TDMA hybrid MAC layer of wireless sensor network. This MAC combines CSMA and TDMA functionalities together while obviates their shortcomings. Having been assigned, slot 0 is preserved as the pre-schedule slot, to inform neighbor nodes the schedule of the senders. During the pre-schedule slot, each node knows exactly the schedule of other neighbor nodes. Multi-rate and power scaling are applied to achieve further energy saving by adpoting an acceptable rate rather than maximum rate. Data rate is dynamically adjusted according to the traffic load of sending nodes, in an energy efficient data rate, to save energy. Being compared with Z-MAC in terms of performances, local framing pre-schedule and multi-rate in this experiment achieved further energy efficiency.

Published in:

Asia-Pacific Service Computing Conference, The 2nd IEEE

Date of Conference:

11-14 Dec. 2007