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In this paper, a new four-electrode sensor for water conductivity measurements is presented. In addition to the sensor itself, all signal conditioning is implemented together with signal processing of the sensor outputs to determine the water conductivity. The sensor is designed for conductivity measurements in the range from 50 mS/m up to 5 S/m through the correct placement of the four electrodes inside the tube where the water flows. The implemented prototype is capable of supplying the sensor with the necessary current at the measurement frequency, acquiring the sine signals across the voltage electrodes of the sensor and across a sampling impedance to determine the current. A temperature sensor is also included in the system to measure the water temperature and, thus, compensate the water-conductivity temperature dependence. The main advantages of the proposed conductivity sensor include a wide measurement range, an intrinsic capability to minimize errors caused by fouling and polarization effects, and an automatic compensation of conductivity measurements caused by temperature variations.
Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:57 , Issue: 3 )
Date of Publication: March 2008